We are in the midst of the greatest biodiversity crisis the world has ever seen. The rate of extinction today (the anthropocene) is the highest in the history of the earth. Yet we still have a really poor understanding of the other species inhabiting our planet. For example, we don’t really know how many species there are (current estimates range wildly between 8 and 12 million, depending on who you talk to), and we have only put names to approximately 10-15% of these.
But at the same time there is cause for hope. We live in a period where our rate of technological development and discovery is the greatest in human history. Massive advances in our understanding of the building blocks of life and of their interactions have been aided considerably by developments such as computing, online access and of course the genomics revolution.
This is a time of Biodiversity Revolution, in both positive and negative senses. As a society interested in conserving our biodiversity and biological resources, we ought to be able to use this burgeoning knowledge base to better manage and improve the fate of biodiversity. This collection of articles is dedicated to using technology to increase our rate of discovery of biodiversity and ecosystem processes, and to using science to ensure the continued survival of the planet’s species and ecosystems.